ISB » Health Gallery » Health and Basic Hygiene
most effective courses of action are the simplest. When it comes to
health and disease prevention nothing beats the straightforward and
no-nonsense principles of basic hygiene.
our hectic lifestyles and busy schedules tend to cut into the time that
we should invest in observing proper hygienic practices. We take a
quick shower in the morning and zip into the world, hardly taking a
break to maybe was our hands or brush our teeth after a meal. “That can
wait” or “I’ll do it later” is a common refrain.
refers to the set of practices associated with the preservation of
health and healthy living. It covers a wide assortment of areas such as
personal hygiene, culinary hygiene, medical hygiene and household
hygiene. For the purposes of this article, we will talk about personal
hygiene, the first step to good health and well-being.
PROPER HAND WASHING – doctors all over the world hail proper hand washing as the
single most effective way
to prevent the transmission of disease. It is upsetting to note that
very few people practice proper hand washing techniques, instead they
just run their hand under the faucet and forget about it. Below is a
diagram showing how simple it is to wash hands properly (click to
NAIL CARE – our
nails are made of tough protein called keratin. They start growing from
infancy and never stop. Since our hands touch everything, our nails
also come into contact with many germs and bacteria, and these get
trapped under long, untrimmed nails. Remember to wash
under your nails when washing your hands.
Trim your nails with a nail clipper regularly and only grow your nails if you’re
sure you can keep them clean.
WASH YOUR HAIR – the
frequency of hair washing
can depend on your local weather (hot climates mean your scalp sweats
more and produces more oil), hair type, and activities you perform. But
oil, dirt, dust and perspiration all get stuck in our hair and scalp which can cause skin irritation and unpleasant odours. Wash your hair regularly with
mild shampoo, making sure to massage and clean the scalp as well. Make sure your
hair brushes and combs are clean as well.
HAIR LENGTH –
just like your nails, only grow your hair if you are sure you can take
care of it and keep it clean and healthy. Get
regular haircuts every month or so to manage the length and keep the hair healthy.
BATHING – a
bath is the quickest and most efficient way to get clean all over.
Bathe daily and use a good soap with plenty of clean water.
Scrubbing with a loofah or bath sponge also helps in getting rid of deep-seated dirt. Use a
clean towel to dry yourself off. Do not share towels.
Teeth and Mouth:
PROPER BRUSHING –
like hand washing, brushing teeth is also often overlooked. Most people
run a brush across their teeth a couple of times and call it a day.
Below is a simple diagram that illustrate correct proper brushing:
Remember to floss regularly also and to change toothbrushes every 3 months.